this is bbc news, i'm gavin grey. our top stories: si, si, si. spain imposes direct rule on catalonia hours after its politicians vote for independence. the prime minister mariano rajoy sacks the catalan leader, his cabinet and chief of police, vowing to restore the rule of law. translation: this independence is very sad. it causes anguish. that is what all catalans who are not for independence felt today. but catalan separatists are defiant, saying the independence vote means they no longer fall under spanishjurisdiction. also in the programme: the father of an american muslim soldier killed in iraq, who lambasted donald trump at the democratic national convention, speaks about his unwavering faith in america. spain is in a state
of constitutional turmoil, with the country's prime minister, mariano rajoy, announcing that he's dissolving catalonia's parliament and calling snap regional elections. it follows a vote by the catalan parliament to declare independence from spain. mr rajoy said the unprecedented imposition of direct rule was essential to "restore normality". he's also sacked catalonia's separatist leader, carles puigdemont, and his cabinet. crowds have remained in central barcelona late into the night, in a defiant show of support for independence. our first report is from our europe editor katya adler, who's in barcelona.
si, si, si. one by one the yes votes were counted, celebrated, relished by this delirious pro—independence crowd. as they watched the catalan parliament finally after weeks, some here say years, of waiting, vote on separation from spain. we want the republic. do you believe it will happen today? yes. it has to be today. and today it was. (cheering and applause). all around here catala ns are singing their national anthem, the national anthem they now believe belongs to their independent republic, separate from the spanish state. there are so many questions. what will the spanish
government now do? but for now, this crowd just wants to celebrate. it's a long time we are waiting for this moment, we deserve this. lam crying! are you happy? very, very. but anxiety soon spread amongst all the euphoria as the "what next" began to weigh heavy on people's minds. a catalan republic had been declared, but not in everyone‘s name. many here don't want independence. just around the corner we found this man waving a spanish flag. translation: i'm not happy, i'm not represented, the catalan people as a whole didn't vote. translation: it's disastrous, the result of an extended manipulation which does not reflect the will of the catalan people. but nothing today was going to stop the catalan president savouring his moment in history. from the catalan parliament
he spoke of his emotions, but also of his conviction that declaring catalan independence was the right thing to do, the legitimate thing to do, he said. hardly the view of the spanish government in madrid, which is fuming. the public prosecutor here says he'll be filing charges of rebellion against the catalan president. at the very same time the catalan parliament voted on independence today, the spanish senate gave the green light to mariano rajoy‘s government to sack the catalan leadership and bring the reins of power back to madrid. this is the first time in modern spanish history that one of the country's autonomous regions has had its powers stripped away. tonight, after an emergency cabinet meeting, the spanish prime minister explained why.
translation: normality starts with law. in order to return institutional legitimacy and to give a voice to all catalans, i have now dissolved the catalan parliament in order to hold regional elections on the 21st of december. but what mr rajoy didn't explain was how he intends to impose direct madrid rule on the hundreds of thousands of catalans who reject it. tonight, independence supporters in barcelona are celebrating with abandon their brand—new republic, with no power and little recognition, dancing on the edge of a precipice. the decision by the catalan parliament to declare independence has been condemned by leaders across europe. the european commission president jean—claude juncker said it was important to avoid any splits in the bloc of european nations. catalonia has long had a fractious
relationship with madrid — but things have been brought to a head by the disputed independence referendum in the region earlier this month. sarah rainsford reports from madrid. support for a tough stance against catalan independence. many spaniards, like their government, see the move to break away as illegal. so they've begun flying the national flag here to show they're backing for a united country and for madrid's move to take control in catalonia. natividad told me the separatists should be in prison for their move. this man still hoped the crisis could be sorted so catalonia stays with spain. his friends are from all over the country. but catalan separatism has deep roots. the region's push for autonomy was a key trigger for the civil war and general franco's repression was brutal.
granting autonomy was part of spain's return to democracy. now, at least temporarily, madrid is imposing control. after securing support from the senate, spain's government moved quickly into a crisis meeting to decide its next steps. imposing direct rule over catalonia is an unprecedented move and one with unseen consequences, but at this point there seems to be little mood here in madrid for compromise. tonight the government set out its plan. the catalan parliament will be dissolved with new elections on the 21st of december. catalan ministries, that employ more than 28,000 people, will be run from madrid. the chief of police has been fired with 17,000 members of his police force now overseen by the spanish state. for now, madrid has international backing. the president of the european commission said spain had made its choice and the eu won't interfere. but on paper, the government's plan
is one thing, implementing it in this climate is fraught with risk. there will be more tension and confrontation in the coming days and weeks. it's not a question of will. at a certain point there will be an incident and that could trigger a serious confrontation and nobody knows what will happen. so despite this apparent calm, how the government handles its next move will be critical. south africa's huge corruption scandal has cost the country billions, and damaged its international reputation. at the centre of allegations is south africa's enormously wealthy gupta family. it's claimed they used their close ties to president zuma to win contracts and siphon off huge payments — claims they deny. from south africa, andrew harding reports. south africa is in trouble, a young democracy now engulfed by a spectacular corruption scandal.
at its heart, allegedly, president jacob zuma and a wealthy family, the guptas, originally from india. leaked e—mails have fuelled claims of a conspiracy to create a parallel shadow state, in order to loot on a grand scale. 0ur concern is the fact that they come into a country like ours, which is a young democracy, and essentially rob us of billions, even hundreds of billions of rands. and that's damaging our democratic project and our credibility as a country. the guptas and president zuma deny any wrongdoing, but the net is widening, fuelling public anger. global companies have become embroiled in the scandal. the british pr firm bell pottinger is already in ruins after admitting to an inappropriate campaign on behalf of the guptas. the guptas‘ auditors, kpmg, have sacked their top management here.
now comes the news that germany's software giant sap is being investigated over claims it pays multi—million dollar bribes to a gupta—linked company. scotland yard is looking at whether british banks were involved. the fbi has also begun an investigation. it's all prompting some alarming questions. is president zuma in control of the state, or is there a shadow system that is running appointments, procurements? is it a mafia state then? well, it certainly has hallmarks that appear that the accountability is completely eroded. president zuma, may we ask you a question, sir? these days, he almost never gives interviews. hardly surprising. president zuma is under growing pressure here in south africa. for years he's been shrugging off allegations of corruption, but now international governments
and foreign companies are getting involved, making it much harder for this scandal to go away. the allegations are stirring up tension within the governing anc. the chairs flying, as prominent figures warn that mr zuma is wrecking the nation. we are fast approaching that precipice, and it is zuma looting the state with his cronies, and demolishing the capacity of the state. again, mrzuma insists he has done nothing wrong, but this resilient nation is being tested. iraq's prime minister has ordered a
24—hour suspension of military operations against kurdish fighters in the north of the country. baghdad ordered the offensive in response to the recent vote by kurds for their autonomous region to become an independent country. clashes between the two sides have left dozens of people dead. voting in the rerun presidential election in kenny has been postponed indefinitely. it had been postponed indefinitely. it had been due to take place in four volatile western counties on saturday, authorities said the safety threat to electoral workers was too great. an italian man who is hiv—positive has been sent to prison for 2h yea rs, after being found guilty of intentionally infecting 30 women through unprotected sex. the court heard valentino talluto seduced young women he met through internet dating sites for ten years after knowing he was infected. surgeons in the indian capital, delhi, have separated twin boys who were conjoined at the tops of their heads. it's the first time the surgery has
been attempted in india, from a condition so rare it's thought to only occur once in every three million births. andrew plant reports. a smile from 12—year—old child as his brother plays with a mobile phone. between one sharing blood vessels and brain tissue, conditions are rare it affects one in 3 million bets. the operation to separate them has never been attended india before. half the children born with the condition die in the first went for hours. but after the surgery, the twins were successfully separated, lying individually to the first time. the team of 30 doctors in delhi so the operation went well. the coming weeks will be critical to see if the twins can survive and thrive living separate lives. stay with us on bbc news, still to come: hidden for centuries —
the 16th century painting obscuring a portrait underneath, believed to be mary queen of scots. indira gandhi, ruler of the world's largest democracy, died today. only yesterday she'd spoken of dying in the service of her country and said, "i would be proud of it, every drop of my blood will contribute to the growth of this nation". after 46 years of unhappiness, these two countries have concluded a chapter of history. no more suspicion, no more fear, no more uncertainty of what each day might bring. booster ignition and liftoff of discovery, with a crew of six astronaut heroes and one american legend. well, enjoying the show is right — this is beautiful. a milestone in human history.
born today, this girl in india is the 7 billionth person on the planet. this is bbc news. the latest headlines: after catalonia declares independence, spain's prime minister announces tough new measures, including sacking the catalan leader, his cabinet and chief of police, and new elections. but catalan separatists say the independence vote means they no longerfall under spanishjurisdiction. there are more than 100,000 children in ukraine who live in orphanages, that's the highest number in europe. nearly a third of them have a disability, and some have become adults there, living in appalling conditions for decades. parents were encouraged to leave their children there.
but now, the government wants to shut them down and improve the children's lives. 0ur disability correspondent, nikki fox, has been investigating. you may find some of the scenes in her report distressing. crying this is life for thousands of disabled children in ukraine. legally, parents can leave their disabled child in a state—run institution, and it's encouraged. this 15 year old has lived here since he was four. he has a family, as do more than 90% of those living in institutions in ukraine. now, the government wants them all closed. but what will the future hold for so many who have only ever known this kind of life? i've been given special access to a government—run institution — home to 86 disabled men and boys. for most, this is all they've ever known. how long have some of the kids or adults been here?
the nurse tells me that this man has been here for 20 years. she says he's 32. but even at this age, they're still seen and treated as children. efforts are made to keep everyone engaged, but activities are sporadic. andriy was left alone in a room to die. born with cerebral palsy, his mother was told the best place for him was an orphanage. tatyana lives in a remote village, with no services, a common problem in ukraine. she felt her only choice was to give andriy up. translation: ifi had known back then that they would treat him badly, i would never have trusted them, but i did put my trust into them. i felt horrible, it was terrible. i still cry every night. andriy was eventually rescued from the institution. now he has a future,
living with a foster family. but adoption is still a possibility. the neglect many experience in care was highlighted in a report by disability rights international. institutions for the disabled child can stunt not only their physical growth, but also their psychological growth. sometimes, it's as a prison, or even worse than a prison. huge reforms to close all institutions across ukraine are under way, but the government admits it needs help. we need support. i am talking with international organisations and with different governments, of different countries, about support for ukraine. because no one country — poland, bulgaria, romania, any other countries — didn't do this themselves. progress is already under way. a new law means that all schools in ukraine must now teach disabled children, like artem.
he can now make friends and learn, and hope for a betterfuture. but there's still an acceptance here that if you have a child with a disability, they will go into an institution. ukraine is changing, but for those who have spent a lifetime in care, real change will take time. nikki fox, bbc news, ukraine. before last year's us democratic national convention, few had heard of khizr khan or his son's story of service. but after an impassioned speech that led to a public feud with donald trump, all that changed. now, he is the author of a new book. he's been speaking to rajini vaidyanathan, who began by asking for his view on the recent row between president trump and the widow of a us soldier who died in niger. i have been saddened by the political expediency that this sad, tragic moment which should be dignified in privacy and restraint should be the call of the day, that you extend the courtesy, condolence and dignity to the family and you provide them privacy
so that they can grieve and be stronger instead of making it so public for the purpose of political expediency. nothing else. just for that purpose. that saddens me and the behaviour of the president and his advisers had been just not right. that is not the way america treats its gold star families. let me ask you, have you even read the united states constitution? applause you turned you turned the memory of your son into a cause in a way after you spoke at the dnc, you've written a book now, khizr khan, an american family,
why did you decide to go so public? obviously you gave the convention speech but to write a whole book about it as well? we were at charlotte airport, a couple approached us, mrs and mr khan, there are so many questions we want to ask you, why don't you write a book and answer all those questions? the thought was made by them in our mind and we discussed and we talked about how there would be a lot of exposing personal matters, our private life. but then this sentiment of being grateful to the blessings, to the goodness, to the dignity is that we have received, it would be appropriate to show the spirit of immigration, what brought us here, what has kept us here. i really passionately remember and very clearly and vividly remember that moment when i became citizen of the united states, how i entered, because the environment where i grew up, the country where i grew up, i did not have all these dignities, freedom of speech, freedom
to express myself, freedom to religion, i did not have all of that. i went to the court room, without having these dignities, i took the oath of citizenship and a piece of paper is given to me. to the rest of the world that maybe a piece of paper but that meant so much to me. how do you feel about this? we haphazardly deal with this, ring the book from this country and with
these altercations. —— bring people from... —— qualifications. criticising communities that contribute to this nation, most immigrants are contributing people in this country, that is proof of the incompetency of the policymakers. khizr khan speaking to rajini. air berlin's last flight landed in the german capital on friday evening. staff and supporters gathered to say goodbye. the german carrier, air berlin, operated its last flight from munich to berlin. the airline, which until recently was germany's second largest, filed for administration in august. the airline is being broken up and its assets sold off to various carriers, including lufthansa and possibly easyjet. and it's not yet clear how many of the company's 8,000 jobs will be saved. an unfinished portrait, believed to be of mary queen of scots, has been found hidden underneath another 16th century painting. the discovery was made when the picture was x—rayed as part of a research project.
it's going on display at the scottish national portrait gallery from saturday. the bbc‘s tim allman has more. sirjohn maitland was lord chancellor of scotland in the late 16th century. this portrait of him was by the dutch painter adrian va nson, court painter to king james. but when researchers x—rayed this painting, this was what they found underneath. a ghostlike image believed to be of scotland's former queen. i was quite shocked to discover a woman's face looking at me, and then i realised having grown up in scotland that i thought it was mary queen of scots, and i was so excited that i ran up three flights of stairs to show it to my mentor. mary was forced to abdicate in 1567 and was held prisoner by her cousin, elizabeth i, for nearly 20 years before her final execution. a heroin for some,
a villain for others. the factor we have to think about is mary's execution. the inscribed date on this portrait is 1589 and mary was executed in 1587. to have openly displayed a portrait of mary would have been quite a dangerous decision. since the portrait of sirjohn maitland is so valuable in and of itself, the painting will never be stripped back. the image of mary queen of scots will never be restored. herface always hidden away from history. tim allman, bbc news. fascinating, what is behind the canvas. this is bbc news. plenty more on the website stay with us. headlines are coming up shortly. hello.
the weekend's looking quite chilly and blustery, particularly across northern britain. it's not going to be windy all through the weekend but saturday especially blustery across scotland and northern england, around the pennines, where we'll be touching gale force at times. and on top of that we've got a lot of cloud heading our way, certainly not looking sunny across the north. the best of the sunshine is expected further south. in the short term we've got clearer skies across southern areas where we have the high pressure. you can see quite a few isobars already there across scotland so the winds are strengthening. these are the temperatures first thing on saturday, pretty much the same right across the country, but the night, the following night, will be colder. so saturday dawns on a bright note across many southern and central as well as eastern areas but through the course of the morning into the afternoon, the clouds will be thickening, the winds will be strengthening, there will be some spots of rain around as well.
i think the strongest gusts of wind will probably be around the pennines towards the east of the pennines too, gusts approaching 40—50, maybe even more, right over the tops of the pennines. further south, the winds won't be anywhere near as strong and we'll have some sunshine around. so actually if you live across southern parts of the uk, and this is lunchtime, the weather isn't looking bad at all. so there will be some fine weather around on saturday, itjust won't be everywhere. many western and northern areas will be shrouded with cloud and this is where it'll feel coolest, although the temperatures still not too bad, averaging around 1a degrees across the uk. the winds will probably peaked later in the afternoon. it will still remain windy through the course of saturday night and then there will be a change in the wind direction. look at that, the winds will tend
to ease across the uk, so sunday won't be anywhere near as windy and there's more sunshine on the way. just a few sprinkles, a few showers there across the north—east of scotland, maybe down into east anglia, but on balance, a lovely day. cooler, temperatures only into single figures across scotland and northern england. pretty stormy on sunday across many western and central parts of europe, a huge area of low pressure sending strong cold winds from the north. we're underneath the high pressure so big contrast between the east and the west. the winds will fall light sunday night into monday. and then by tuesday the temperatures should start recovering again. this is bbc news, the headlines: the spanish prime minister,
mariano rajoy, has sacked the catalan leader, carles puigdemont, his cabinet and the director—general of police after catalonia formally declared independence from spain. mr rajoy has announced elections in the autonomous region for 21 december. the authorities in kenya have indefinitely postponed voting in the re—run presidential election, which had been due to take place in four volatile western counties on saturday. officials said the safety threat to electoral workers was too great. several people were killed during polling on thursday. an italian man who's hiv—positive has been jailed for 2h years after being found guilty of intentionally infecting thirty women through unprotected sex. valentino talluto seduced young women he met through internet dating sites. now on bbc news, the week in parliament.